Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching


This set of resources related to Coronavirus and COVID-19 is focused on science advice and policy evaluation. It is intended to support my professional research and teaching, and if you find it useful, so much the better. It is the next iteration of an earlier syllabus, that became too unwieldy due to the amount of materials.

Updated 20 April 2020

Pielke Analysis and Commentary

Current COVID-19 Information

COVID-19 Scenarios and Dynamics

Models and Forecasts

Science Advice and Emergency Situations

COVID-19 Policy Options and Evaluation

United States Pandemic Policy and Planning

Unheeded Warnings

Pandemics, Society, Politics and Policy Dynamics

Pandemics, SARS-Cov-2 and Relevant Research

Tools and Training

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: COVID-19 Policy Options and Evaluation

DeYoung, K. et al. 2020. Americans at World Health Organization transmitted real-time information about coronavirus to Trump administration, The Washington Post, 19 April.

Weaver, C. and R. Balhaus. 2020. Coronavirus Testing Hampered by Disarray, Shortages, Backlogs, The Wall Street Journal, 19 April.

Calvert, J. et al. 2020. Coronavirus: 38 days when Britain sleepwalked into disaster, The Sunday Times, 19 April. (archive)  (British government response – link)

Willman, D. 2020. Contamination at CDC lab delayed rollout of coronavirus tests, The Washington Post, 18 April.

Borger, J. 2020. Caught in a superpower struggle: the inside story of the WHO’s response to coronavirus, The Guardian, 18 April.

Rivers, C. et al. 2020. Public Health Principles for a Phased Reopening During COVID-19: Guidance for Governors, The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, 17 April. (PDF)

Forster, P. and M. Pooler, 2020. Muddled thinking punctures plan for British ventilator, Financial Times, 17 April. (British government response – link)

Times of Israel, 2020. US alerted Israel, NATO to disease outbreak in China in November — TV report, Times of Israel, 16 April.

Kluth, A. 2020. Meticulous and Orderly, Germany Can Handle a Pandemic, Bloomberg Opinion, 15 April.

Lipton, E. et al. 2020. He Could Have Seen What Was Coming: Behind Trump’s Failure on the Virus, The New York Times, 11 April. (Note: A scientist in the Red Dawn email discussion cited here has an interesting story: link)

Greely, H. 2020. Covid-19 ‘immunity certificates’: practical and ethical conundrums, Stat, 10 April.

Sun, L. et al. 2020. A plan to defeat coronavirus finally emerges, but it’s not from the White House, The Washington Post, 10 April.

Khamsi, R. 2020. If a coronavirus vaccine arrives, can the world make enough? Nature, 9 April.

Le, T. et al. 2020. The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape, Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 9 April.

Ortega, B. et al. 2020. How the government delayed coronavirus testing, CNN, 9 April.

Richardson, L. 2020. Universities Fill the Void Working Across Borders to Solve the Pandemic Where International Institutions Have Failed, Foreign Policy, 9 April.

Tony Blair Institute, 2020. Covid-19 Testing in the UK: Unpicking the Lockdown, 6 April (link)

Center for Economic Policy Research, 2020. Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Papers (link)

Abele-Brehm, A. et al. 2020. Making the Fight against the Coronavirus Pandemic Sustainable, ifo Institute, April.

Elliot, J. et al. 2020. How New York City’s Emergency Ventilator Stockpile Ended Up on the Auction Block, ProPublica, 6 April.

Partensky, P. 2020. To Beat the Coronavirus, Raise an Army of the Recovered, Wired, 5 April.

Balz, D. 2020. America was unprepared for a major crisis. Again., The Washington Post, 4 April.

Abutaleb, Y. et al. 2020. The U.S. was beset by denial and dysfunction as the coronavirus raged, The Washington Post, 4 April.

Roberts, J. 2020. Five things you need to know about: mRNA vaccines, Horizon: The EU Research & Innovation Magazine, 1 April.

Wallach, P. and J. Myers, 2020. The federal government’s coronavirus response—Public health timeline, Brookings Institution, 31 March.

Peeples, L. 2020. News Feature: Avoiding pitfalls in the pursuit of a COVID-19 vaccine, PNAS, 30 March.

Gottlieb, S. et al. 2020. National coronavirus response: A road map to reopening, American Enterprise Institute, 29 March.

Kissler, S. et al. 2020. Social distancing strategies for curbing the COVID-19 epidemic medRxiv 2020.03.22.20041079; doi:

Greenstone, Michael and Nigam, Vishan, Does Social Distancing Matter? (March 25, 2020). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2020-26.

Kissler, S. et al. 2020. Projecting the transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 through the post-pandemic period, medRxiv, 6 March.

Prem, K. et al. 2020. The effect of control strategies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling studyThe Lancet

Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (link)

Group of Concerned Economists, 2020. The COVID-19 crisis calls for pre-emptive monitoring of production and distribution chainsVoxEU, 24 March.

Horowitz, J. 2020. In Italy, Going Back to Work May Depend on Having the Right Antibodies, New York Times, 4 April.

Van Bavel et al. 2020. Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response, PsyArXiv, 24 March.

Emanuel, E. et al. 2020. Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19New England Journal of Medicine, 23 March.

Milanovic, B. 2020. The Real Pandemic Danger Is Social Collapse As the Global Economy Comes Apart, Societies May, TooForeign Affairs, 19 March.

Kraemer, M. et al. 2020. The effect of human mobility and control measures on the COVID-19 epidemic in ChinaScience, DOI: 10.1126/science.abb4218

M. Chinazzi et al., The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019
novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreakScience 10.1126/science.aba9757 (2020).

Riou, J., & Althaus, C. L. (2020). Pattern of early human-to-human transmission of Wuhan 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), December 2019 to January 2020Eurosurveillance, 25(4).

Rosenbaum, L. 2020. Facing Covid-19 in Italy — Ethics, Logistics, and Therapeutics on the Epidemic’s Front LineNew England Journal of Medicine, 18 March.

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Pandemics, Society, Politics and Policy Dynamics

Kelly, J. 2020. Why are we really in lockdown? FT Alphaville, 17 April.

Ridley, M. 2020. The Bats Behind the Epidemic, Wall Street Journal, 9 April.

Jorda, O. et al. 2020. Longer-Run Economic Consequences of Pandemics, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March.

Correia, Sergio and Luck, Stephan and Verner, Emil, Pandemics Depress the Economy, Public Health Interventions Do Not: Evidence from the 1918 Flu (March 26, 2020). Available at SSRN:

Assve, A. et al. 2020. Pandemics and social capital: From the Spanish flu of 1918-19 to COVID-19, VoxEu, 22 March.

Nerlich, B. (2007). Media, metaphors and modelling: How the UK newspapers reported the epidemiological modelling controversy during the 2001 foot and mouth outbreakScience, technology, & human values32(4), 432-457.

McCoy, C. A. (2016). SARS, pandemic influenza and Ebola: The disease control styles of Britain and the United StatesSocial Theory & Health14(1), 1-17.

Elbe, S., Leach, M., and Scoones, I. (2013). Pandemic Flu Controversies: What have we learned? Reflections from a workshop to discuss lessons, policy implications and future challenges. STEPS Centre and Centre for Global Health Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton. (PDF)

Safford, T. et al. 2017.The Zika Virus Threat: How Concerns About Scientists May Undermine Efforts to Combat the Pandemic, Carsey School of Public Policy, University of New Hampshire.

Versluis, E., van Asselt, M., & Kim, J. (2019). The multilevel regulation of complex policy problems: uncertainty and the swine flu pandemic. European Policy Analysis, 5(1), 80-98.

Bjørkdahl, K., & Carlsen, B. (Eds.). (2018). Pandemics, Publics, and Politics: Staging Responses to Public Health Crises. Springer.

Fan, V. Y., Jamison, D. T., & Summers, L. H. (2018). Pandemic risk: how large are the expected losses?. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 96(2), 129.

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: COVID-19 Scenarios and Dynamics

International Survey on Coronavirus (link)

Motta, M., Stecula, D., & Farhart, C. E. (2020, April 18). How Right-Leaning Media Coverage of COVID-19 Facilitated the Spread of Misinformation in the Early Stages of the Pandemic. SocArXiv

Parker, A. et al. 2020. Trump administration has many task forces — but still no plan for beating covid-19, The Washington Post, 11 April.

Weeden, K. and B. Cornwall, 2020. The Small World Network of College Classes: Implications for Epidemic Spread on a University Campus, OSF, 11 April.  (link)

Silver, N. 2020. Coronavirus Case Counts Are Meaningless* *Unless you know something about testing. And even then, it gets complicated, FiveThirtyEight, 4 April.

Eder et al. 2020. 430,000 People Have Traveled From China to U.S. Since Coronavirus Surfaced, The New York Times, 4 April.

Warzel, C. 2020. What We Pretend to Know About the Coronavirus Could Kill Us, The New York Times, 3 April.

Romer, P. and R. Shah, 2020. Testing Is Our Way Out, The Wall Street Journal, 2 April.

Josepth, A. 2020. The next frontier in coronavirus testing: Identifying the full scope of the pandemic, not just individual infections, STAT News, 27 March.

Yong, E. 2020. How The Pandemic Will End, The Atlantic, 25 March.

Atkeson, A. 2020. What Will Be the Economic Impact of COVID-19 in the US? Rough Estimates of Disease Scenarios, NBER Working Paper No. 26867.

Eichenbaum, M. et al. 2020. The Macroeconomics of Epidemics, NBER Working Paper No. 26882.

Barro, R. et al. 2020. The Coronavirus and the Great Influenza Pandemic: Lessons from the “Spanish Flu” for the Coronavirus’s Potential Effects on Mortality and Economic Activity, NBER Working Paper No. 26866.

Azzoni, T. and A. Dampf, 2020. Game Zero: Spread of virus linked to Champions League match, Associated Press, 25 March.

McKibbin, W. J., & Fernando, R. (2020). The global macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19: Seven scenarios. Brookings Institution. (PDF)

Baldwin, R., & di Mauro, B. W. (2020). Economics in the Time of COVID-19. Center for European Policy Research (PDF)

Baldwin, R., & di Mauro, B. W. (2020). Mitigating the COVID Economic Crisis: Act Fast and Do Whatever It Takes. Center for European Policy Research (PDF)

Beale, R. 2020. Wash Your Hands, London Review of Books, 19 March.

Fauci, et al. 2020, Covid-19 — Navigating the Uncharted, New England Journal of Medicine, 28 February.


Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Pandemics, SARS-Cov-2 and Relevant Research

Howard, J., Huang, A., Li, Z., Tufekci, Z., Zdimal, V., van der Westhuizen, H.M., von Delft, A., Price, A., Fridman, L., Tang, L.H. and Tang, V., 2020. Face masks against COVID-19: an evidence review, Preprints, 12 April.

Forster, P., Forster, L., Renfrew, C., & Forster, M. (2020). Phylogenetic network analysis of SARS-CoV-2 genomes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 8 April.

Yazdany, J. et al. 2020. Use of Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine During the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Every Clinician Should Know, Annals of Internal Medicine, 31 March.

Marcus, A. and I. Oransky, 2020. The Science of This Pandemic Is Moving at Dangerous Speeds, Wired, 28 March.

Andersen, K. G., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W. I., Holmes, E. C., & Garry, R. F. (2020). The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nature Medicine, 17 March.

Liu, Y., Gayle, A. A., Wilder-Smith, A., & Rocklöv, J. (2020). The reproductive number of COVID-19 is higher compared to SARS coronavirusJournal of travel medicine.

Scarpino, S. V., & Petri, G. (2019). On the predictability of infectious disease outbreaks. Nature communications10(1), 1-8.

Saunders-Hastings, P. R., & Krewski, D. (2016). Reviewing the history of pandemic influenza: understanding patterns of emergence and transmissionPathogens5(4), 66.

Lloyd-Smith, J. O., Schreiber, S. J., Kopp, P. E., & Getz, W. M. (2005). Superspreading and the effect of individual variation on disease emergenceNature438(7066), 355-359.

Heesterbeek, J. A. P. (2002). A brief history of R 0 and a recipe for its calculationActa biotheoretica50(3), 189-204.

Global Health Security Initiative (link)

Global Health Security Agenda (link)

Global Health Security Index (link)

Hong Kong University COVID-19 Resource page (link)

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Current COVID-19 Information

Dong, E., Du, H., & Gardner, L. (2020). An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Dashboard: here

US CDC COVID-19 Situation Summary (here)

WHO COVID-19 Situation reports (here)

Imperial College London COVID-19 Reports (link)

Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data, COVID-19 Resources (link)

Coronavirus simulator (link)

Epidemic calculator (link)

Our World in Data COVID-19 (link)

A Users Guide to COVID-19, London Business School (link)

The COVID Tracking Project (US, link)

IHME Covid-19 Projections (link) based on: IHME COVID-19 health service utilization forecasting team. Forecasting COVID-19 impact on hospital bed-days, ICU-days, ventilator days and deaths by US state in the next 4 months. MedRxiv. 26 March 2020.

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Science Advice and Emergency Situations

INGSA COVID-19 Policy-Making Tracker (link)

Science Advice and COVID-19 (INGSA, link)

US National Academy of Sciences, Standing Committee on Emerging Infectious Diseases and 21st Century Health Threats (link) (my initial Twitter thread on the committee)

U.K. Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE): Coronavirus (COVID-19) response (link)

UK New and Emerging Respiratory Virus Threats Advisory Group (NERVTAG) (link)

U.K.  Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Modelling (SPI-M) Modelling
Summary (2018 report, link) (advisory subcommittee)

Nice, A. 2020. Expert advice to government on pandemics, Institute for Government, 23 March.

WHO IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (members) (First meeting – 23 Jan 2020) (Second meeting – 30 Jan 2020)

CNBC, 2020. Watch a timeline of disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci’s comments on coronavirus (link)

The Received Wisdom Podcast: COVID Knowledge, Technology, and Politics: Dispatches from Around the World (20 April, link)

Dubois, M. 2020. Could Covid-19 Affect Public Trust in Science?, CNRS News, 19 April.

ISC, 2020. Science can support effective policymaking by providing the best available knowledge, International Science Council, 17 April.

Goodman, J. and L. Borio, 2020. Finding Effective Treatments for COVID-19: Scientific Integrity and Public Confidence in a Time of Crisis, JAMA, 16 April.

Peston, R. 2020. Should we be relieved to be governed by the scientists? iTV, 16 April.

Bennhold, K. 2020. Relying on Science and Politics, Merkel Offers a Cautious Virus Re-entry Plan, New York Times, 15 April.

Pielke, Jr., R. 2020. Why Isn’t the White House Using the Nation’s Pandemic Experts? Slate, 10 April.

Donahue, M. 2020. U.S. advises suspending bat research over concerns coronavirus could infect North American species, The Washington Post, 10 April.

Specter, M . 2020. How Anthony Fauci Became America’s Doctor, The New Yorker, 10 April.

Public Health Agency of Canada, 2020. COVID-19 in Canada: Using data and modelling to inform public health action: Technical Briefing for Canadians, 9 April (PDF).

Wan, W. and C. Johnson, 2020. America’s most influential coronavirus model just revised its estimates downward. But not every model agrees. The Washington Post, 8 April.

Cookson, C. and M. Peel, 2020. EU science chief resigns with blast at coronavirus response, Financial Times, 7 April.

Gluckman, P. 2020. Build a science advice system fit for global crises, Research Professional News, 7 April.

Kelly, J. 2020. Imperial’s Neil Ferguson: “We don’t have a clear exit strategy”, FT Alphaville, 7 April.

Swan, J. 2020. Navarro memos warning of mass coronavirus death circulated in January, Axios, 7 April.

Rucker, P. et al. 2020.‘What do you have to lose?’: Inside Trump’s embrace of a risky drug against coronavirus, The Washington Post, 6 April.

Crowley, M. et al. 2020. Ignoring Expert Opinion, Trump Again Promotes Use of Hydroxychloroquine, The New York Times, 5 April.

Helderman, R. et al. 2020. Giuliani, a familiar voice in Trump’s ear, promotes experimental coronavirus treatments, The Washington Post, 5 April.

Hall, B. and G. Chazan, 2020. Europe prepares to ease coronavirus lockdowns, Financial Times, 5 April.

Kranish, M. 2020. Fauci and Birx worked together at the dawn of the AIDS crisis. Thirty-seven years later, they are partners in fighting the coronavirus. Washington Post, 5 April.

Boburg, S. et al. 2020. Inside the coronavirus testing failure: Alarm and dismay among the scientists who sought to help, The Washington Post, 3 April.

Wan, W. 2020. Experts and Trump’s advisers doubt White House’s 240,000 coronavirus deaths estimate, The Washington Post, 2 April.

Bort, R. 2020. Why the World Health Organization’s Response to COVID-19 Is Crucial to the Future of Public Health, Rolling Stone, 31 March.

Lemire, J. et al. 2020. How dire projections, grim images dashed Trump’s Easter plan, Associated Press, 30 March.

Meyers. S. 2020. China Created a Fail-Safe System to Track Contagions. It Failed, New York Times, 30 March.

Shear, M. et al. 2020. The Lost Month: How a Failure to Test Blinded the U.S. to Covid-19, The New York Times, 28 March.

Harris, R. 2020. In Defense Of Coronavirus Testing Strategy, Administration Cited Retracted Study, NPR, 26 March.

Boyd, I. 2020. Coronavirus: a former member of SAGE explains how the science advisory group really works, The Conversation, 24 March.

Rivers, C. et al. 2020. Modernizing and Expanding Outbreak Science to Support Better Decision Making During Public Health Crises: Lessons for COVID-19 and Beyond, Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, 24 March. (PDF).

Enserink, M. and K. Kupferschmidt, 2020. Mathematics of life and death: How disease models shape national shutdowns and other pandemic policies, Science, 25 March.

Mulgan, G. and J. Chataway, 2020. Coronavirus response shows science in motion, Research Fortnight, 25 March.

Majumder, M. and K. Mandl, 2020. Early in the epidemic: impact of preprints on global discourse about COVID-19 transmissibility, The Lancet, 25 March.

Sarewitz, D. 2020. Pandemic Science and Politics, Issues in Science and Technology, 25 March.

Parker, A. et al. 2020. Trump versus the scientists: The president’s tug-of-war with experts over coronavirus policy, The Washington Post, 24 March.

Cohen, J. 2020. ‘I’m going to keep pushing.’ Anthony Fauci tries to make the White House listen to facts of the pandemic, Science, 22 March.

Mesfin, M. 2020. It Takes a World to End a Pandemic Scientific Cooperation Knows No Boundaries—Fortunately, Foreign Affairs, 21 March.

Wickham, A. 2020. 10 Days That Changed Britain: “Heated” Debate Between Scientists Forced Boris Johnson To Act On Coronavirus, BuzzFeed, 21 March.

Nature, 2020. Coronavirus: three things all governments and their science advisers must do now, 17 March.

Devlin, H. 2020. Behavioural scientists form new front in battle against coronavirus, The Guardian, 13 March.

OECD, 2018. Scientific Advice During Crises Facilitating Transnational Co-operation and Exchange of Information, OECD Publishing, Paris.

Wilton Park, 2017. Report: Science advice: international co-operation and exchange of data and information during transnational crises, OECD. (PDF)

Maini, R., Clarke, L., Blanchard, K., & Murray, V. (2017). The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and its indicators—where does health fit in?International Journal of Disaster Risk Science8(2), 150-155.

Aitsi-Selmi, A., Blanchard, K., & Murray, V. (2016). Ensuring science is useful, usable and used in global disaster risk reduction and sustainable development: a view through the Sendai framework lensPalgrave Communications2(1), 1-9.

OECD 2015, Scientific Advice for Policy Making: The Role and Responsibility of Expert Bodies and Individual Scientists, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, No. 21, OECD Publishing, Paris. (PDF)

Glasser, J. W., Hupert, N., McCauley, M. M., & Hatchett, R. (2011). Modeling and public health emergency responses: Lessons from SARSEpidemics3(1), 32-37.

UK House of Commons, 2011. Scientific advice and evidence in emergencies, Inquiry and Reports (here), Direct link to report (PDF).

WHO, 2011. Implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005), Report of the Review Committee on the Functioning of the International Health Regulations (2005) in relation to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Report by the Director-General, World Health Organization. (PDF)

WHO, International Health Regulations (2005) (link)

Syed, A. M., Hjarnø, L., Krumkamp, R., Reintjes, R., & Aro, A. R. (2010). Developing policy options for SARS and SARS-like diseases–a Delphi studyGlobal public health5(6), 663-675.

The Royal Society, 2006. Pandemic Influenza: From Science to Policy, The Royal Society, London. (PDF)

Ferguson, N. M., Cummings, D. A., Fraser, C., Cajka, J. C., Cooley, P. C., & Burke, D. S. (2006). Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemicNature442(7101), 448-452.

Ferguson, N. M., Keeling, M. J., Edmunds, W. J., Gani, R., Grenfell, B. T., Anderson, R. M., & Leach, S. (2003). Planning for smallpox outbreaksNature425(6959), 681-685.

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Unheeded Warnings

Pérez-Peña, R and D. McNeil Jr. 2020. W.H.O., Now Trump’s Scapegoat, Warned About Coronavirus Early and Often, The Washington Post, 16 April.

Diamond, D. 2020. Inside America’s 2-Decade Failure to Prepare for Coronavirus, Politico, 11 April.

Lipton, E. et al. 2020. He Could Have Seen What Was Coming: Behind Trump’s Failure on the Virus, The New York Times, 11 April.

Dilanian, K. 2020. U.S. spy agencies collected raw intelligence hinting at public health crisis in Wuhan, China, in November, NBC News, 9 April.

Naylor, B. 2020. FEMA Predicted Pandemic Effects In July 2019, NPR, 9 April.

Haberman, M. 2020. Trade Adviser Warned White House in January of Risks of a Pandemic, New York Times, 6 April.

Diamond, D. and N. Toosi, 2020. Trump team failed to follow NSC’s pandemic playbook, Politico, 25 March.

Fidler, D. 2020. Coronavirus: A Twenty-Year Failure, Think Global Health.

GAO, 2018. INFECTIOUS DISEASE THREATS: Funding and Performance of Key Preparedness and Capacity-Building Programs, GAO-18-362: Published: May 24, 2018

GAO, 2020. NATIONAL BIODEFENSE STRATEGY: Additional Efforts Would Enhance Likelihood of Effective Implementation, GAO-20-273: Published: Feb 19, 2020

Tankersley, J. 2020. White House Economists Warned in 2019 a Pandemic Could Devastate America, The New York Times, 31 March.

L. Borio and S. Gottlieb, 2020. Act Now to Prevent an American Epidemic, The Wall Street Journal, 28 January.

Taylor, M. 2020. Exclusive: U.S. axed CDC expert job in China months before virus outbreak, Reuters, 22 March.

Roston, A. 2020. Exclusive: White House told federal health agency to classify coronavirus deliberations – sources, Reuters, 11 March.

Levey, N. et al. 2020. A disaster foretold: Shortages of ventilators and other medical supplies have long been warned about, Los Angeles Times, 20 March.

Sanger, D. et al. 2020. A Cascade of Warnings, Heard but Unheeded, Before Virus Outbreak, New York Times, 19 March. Linked U.S. government documents: a. Crimson Contagion exercise – PDF, b. NSC Lessons Learned Study on Ebola- PDF

WEF, 2019. Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact Protecting Lives and Livelihoods across the Global Economy, World Economic Forum, January.

Council of Economic Advisers, 2019. Mitigating the Impact of Pandemic
Influenza through Vaccine Innovation, Executive Office of the President, White House. September (PDF)

Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in partnership with the World Economic Forum and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2019, Event 201 pandemic simulation

Fan, Y.; Zhao, K.; Shi, Z.-L.; Zhou, P. Bat Coronaviruses in ChinaViruses 201911, 210.

Yong, E. 2018. The Next Plague Is Coming. Is America Ready?, The Atlantic, July/August.

National Security Council, 2018. Clade X pandemic simulation

National Research Council 2016. The Neglected Dimension of Global Security: A Framework to Counter Infectious Disease Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Sands, P. et al. 2016. Assessment of economic vulnerability to infectious disease crises, The Lancet, 12 November.

Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense, 2016. Biodefense Indicators One Year Later, Events Outpacing Federal Efforts To Defend The Nation, Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense.

Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense, 2015.  A National Blueprint for Biodefense:
Leadership And Major Reform Needed To Optimize Efforts, Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense.

Menachery, V.D., Yount Jr, B.L., Debbink, K., Agnihothram, S., Gralinski, L.E., Plante, J.A., Graham, R.L., Scobey, T., Ge, X.Y., Donaldson, E.F. and Randell, S.H., 2015. A SARS-like cluster of circulating bat coronaviruses shows potential for human emergenceNature medicine21(12), p.1508.

He, B., Zhang, Y., Xu, L., Yang, W., Yang, F., Feng, Y., Xia, L., Zhou, J., Zhen, W., Feng, Y. and Guo, H., 2014. Identification of diverse alphacoronaviruses and genomic characterization of a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronavirus from bats in ChinaJournal of virology88(12), pp.7070-7082.

Jackson, C. (2009). History lessons: the Asian Flu pandemic. Br J Gen Pract59(565), 622-623. (PDF)

Lloyd’s of London, 2008. Pandemic: Potential Insurance Impacts. (PDF)

Cheng, V. C., Lau, S. K., Woo, P. C., & Yuen, K. Y. (2007). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus as an agent of emerging and reemerging infectionClinical microbiology reviews20(4), 660-694.

Lederberg, J. et al., 1992. EMERGING INFECTIONS: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, Institutes of Medicine, Washington, DC. (PDF)

Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: United States Pandemic Policy and Planning

Wayback Machine archive of CDC COVID-19 Situation Summaries, starting 21 January 2020 (link)

Red Dawn email chain (via NYT) (PDF) – See Pradhan, R. and C. Jewett. 2020. ‘Red Dawn Breaking Bad’: Officials Warned About Safety Gear Shortfall Early On, Emails Show, Kaiser Health News, 28 March.

Lippman, D. 2020. DHS wound down pandemic models before coronavirus struck, Politico, 25 March.

Department of Homeland Security, 2019. Strategy for Integrated Biosurveillance, July 30, 2019, Fiscal Year 2018 Report to Congress (PDF)

U.S. Congress, 2019. Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness and Advancing Innovation Act of 2019, P.L. 116-22. (PDF)

White House, 2018. National Biodefense Strategy (PDF).

HHS, 2018. National Health Security Strategy: 2019-2022, Department of Health and Human Services. (PDF)

National Science and Technology Council, 2016. TOWARDS EPIDEMIC PREDICTION:

National Security Council, 2016. Playbook for Early Response to High-Consequence Emerging Infectious Disease Threats and Biological Incidents, (PDF).

National Academy of Sciences 2016. Rapid Medical Countermeasure Response to Infectious Diseases: Enabling Sustainable Capabilities Through Ongoing Public- and Private-Sector Partnerships: Workshop Summary (link)


U.S. GAO, 2015. BIOSURVEILLANCE Additional Planning, Oversight, and Coordination Needed to Enhance National Capability (PDF)

U.S. GAO, 2015. Biosurveillance Challenges and Options for the National Biosurveillance Integration Center, GAO-15-793. Washington, DC. (PDF)

GAO, Influenza Pandemic: Lessons from the H1N1 Pandemic Should Be
Incorporated Into Future Planning, GAO-11-632 (Washington, D.C.: June 27, 2011)

A National Blueprint for Biodefense: Leadership and Major Reform Needed to Optimize Efforts – Bipartisan Report of the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense. Hudson Institute: Washington, DC, October 2015,

HHS, 2014. National Health Security Strategy and Implementation Plan: 2015-2018, Department of Health and Human Services. (PDF)

U.S. Congress, 2013. Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013, P.L. 113-5. (PDF)

White House, 2012. National Strategy for Biosurveillance (PDF)

HHS, 2012. An HHS Retrospective on the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic to Advance All Hazards Preparedness, 15 June (PDF)

HHS, 2009. National Health Security Strategy of the United States of America, Department of Health and Human Services. (PDF)

U.S. Congress, 2006. Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act, P.L. 109-417. (PDF)


Covid-19 Resources for Research and Teaching: Tools and Training

CDC. Create an Epi Curve (here)

CDC, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Manual and Tools (link)

CDC, Crisis & Emergency Risk Communication Overview for COVID-19 (link)

Wendleboe et al. 2020. Tabletop exercise to prepare institutions of higher education for an outbreak of COVID-19, Journal of Emergency Management, Vol 18.  Article (PDF), Tabletop Exercise (PDF)

Short Course: Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) for Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), World Health Organization.

UK Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Strategy 2011 (PDF)

WHO, 2008. International Health Regulations, (2nd Ed) World Health Organization. (link)